Monday, January 27, 2020
Sunday, January 19, 2020
The Aeneid of Greece by Virgil The Aeneid, tells the story of Aeneas's journey in search of the land where he is destined to build the city that will one day become the great Roman Empire. Largely influenced by Homer's Odyssey and Iliad, the Aeneid begins halfway through Aeneas's journey, as he nears the city of Carthage, ruled over by Dido, who built the city after fleeing from her murderous brother. King Arthur of Britain, by Howard PyleThe character of King Arthur is larger than life.He is rarely presented as truly human; he is either the idealized symbol of Camelot and the virtues of the Round Table, or he is a peripheral character sometimes virtuous but rarely with a penetrating intelligence capable of seeing long-term effects and making sound decisions. Whether a historical Arthur actually existed, what we are left with today is a mythological character, memorable and tantalizing in his virtues and foibles. Beowulf was written in England, but is set in Scandinavia. The author i s unknown.This epic poem describes the hero Beowulf marching with his fourteen warriors and arrive at the place of Heorot where he finds that he king of Heorot Hrothgar terrified by a monster called Grendel. Beowulf manages to kill Grendel and his monster-mother at his abode beneath a lake. After that he returns to his country and becomes the king there and rules his kingdom for fifty years. He dies of the wounds he got once during the combat fought with a dragon. Gilgamesh Is the Priest-King of the city of Uruk.He is a tyrannical king who works his people to death and takes what he wants from them. He kills the young men at will and uses the women as he pleases. The people of Uruk cry out to the gods for help so that they can have peace. | Ramayana Ã¢â¬â is the immortal tale of Shri Rama that teaches us the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma. Biag ni Lam-ang (Tagalog: Ã¢â¬Å"Buhay ni Lam-angÃ¢â¬ ) ay isang epikong tula ng mga Ilokano mula sa re hiyon ng Ilokos sa Pilipinas.Sinalaysay at sinulat sa orihinal na wikang Ilokano, pinapaniwalaang na pinaghalong gawa ito ng iba't ibang mga lumilikha ng tula na pinasa sa pamamagitan ng mga salinlahi, at unang sinulat noong 1640 ng isang bulag na manunula na si Pedro Bucaneg. Ibalon Ã¢â¬â Author Fr. Jose Castano May tatlong mga bayani sa epiking ito: Baltog, Handyong, at Bantong. Unang bayaning dumating sa lupang ibalong ay si Baltog at sya ang nagpayaman ng bukid.Ang pangalawang bayani na dumating sa ibalon ay si Handyong, nakipaglaban siya kasama ng kanyang mga tao sa libu-libong mga giyera at digma. At si bantong ang namuno sa pag patay sa kalahating tao, at kalahating halimaw na c Rabot. | Analysis: The difference between western and eastern epic, the eastern epic involves the story about Indians and Philippines but in western epic they start from the medieval ages and it involve the story about the gods and the goddess.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
The interrelationship of history and memory show that each is individually limited- memory presents limited perspective while history presents limited account- this conflicting nature ensures that without considering both we have a less reliable history. This concept is portrayed in the prescribed text Ã¢â¬Å"The fiftieth gateÃ¢â¬ by Mark Baker that involves an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s journey into the past to reconstruct his parentÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences. BakerÃ¢â¬â¢s explores the idea that both history and memory are essential to validate, illuminate and add emotion and colour to the other in order to ultimately form a true representation of history. Through the study of this text one can come to understand that the ultimate role of history is to find self-identity and unlock the barriers of the past. Memory is shaped by and composed of individual emotions and self-reflections; as a result it is influenced by bias and is highly subjective. Therefore memory only provides one bias and subjective perspective of history, making the representation of history to be less reliable and limited. This is portrayed in the line Ã¢â¬Å"It was cold, winter, we had winter boots on, the ones with money sewn inside. He says it was cold. Winter. But it was warm. AutumnÃ¢â¬ . Here the use of direct speech engages the audience into YosslÃ¢â¬â¢s situation. The audience is then able to realise that the experiences of fear, torment and paranoia that Yossl went through in the holocaust has shaped and influenced his memory. As a result his perspective of history is less reliable and thus highly limited. This is portrayed in the line Ã¢â¬Å"I remember this exactly like yesterday: there was a church with some hillsÃ¢â¬ ¦can you see my legs through there? Here through the use of a narrative device, an interview, Baker engages the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s attention through the use of first person language and direct speech. This then conveys the idea that memory is limited in representing history because it is influenced by individual experiences that will change their perspective of history. In addition the spontaneous responses add a personal sense to further emphasize the limitation of memory that it can fail at any time. History is shaped by collective memory, providing a common representation of an event, personality or situation. As a result the representation of history is less reliable because it does not account for the views and perspectives of those that are a minority or have been forgotten. Baker uses a wide range of textual features to communicate to the audience how documented evidence paints a picture of the past. The use of archival documents, letters, school reports, council reports and Yiddish and German lullabies engage the reader but also adds a sense of authencity and historical presence. However through BakerÃ¢â¬â¢s self-journey in the book, the audience is able to realise that documented evidence cannot account for all stories, this is especially seen with GeniaÃ¢â¬â¢s story of the holocaust. This is explored in the line Ã¢â¬Å"does history remember more than memory?Ã¢â¬ ¦ I only recognise suffering in numbers and lists and not in the laments and pleas of a human being, of a mother, screaming for acknowledgmentÃ¢â¬ The use of a rhetorical question builds suspense as the audience realises that the persona has come to a stage of realisation where Baker has understood that memory is just as important as the documented evidence that validates it. Documented evidence is able to validate as well as illuminate memory, while memory adds self-emotions and reflections to fill the gaps of documented evidence. In collaboration they create a more reliable and truthful history. Baker uses archival documents, school reports, lullabies, council reports and letters to illuminate hidden fragments of his parentÃ¢â¬â¢s memory. This is shown in the line Ã¢â¬Å"I thrust his report card under his eyes and command him to read. He obeys, like an intimidated school childÃ¢â¬ ¦He smothers an involuntary laugh, hiding the thoughts that lie behind it. Ã¢â¬ Baker through the use of a simile compares his father to a child. This conveys the idea that the documented evidence has allowed Yossl to step back into his youth and bring forward the significant memories of his past. In addition the use of emotive and descriptive language through Ã¢â¬Å"LaughingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"intimidatedÃ¢â¬ creates a warm and personal atmosphere to emphasises the idea to the audience of how memory can add emotions to documented evidence, and thus together to create a more reliable and truthful history. Together both documented evidence and memory allow for an Ã¢â¬Å"exchange of pastsÃ¢â¬ to create a more reliable, valid and truthful history. Through this Baker has shown the interplay of history and memory. Baker has shown that the importance of the interplay of history and memory is to create a reliable history allowing one to explore the recreation of the past to make sense of who they are, where they are and the journey they have gone through. In Ã¢â¬Å"The fiftieth gateÃ¢â¬ the journey into the past of his parents has allowed Baker to undergo a self-journey of learning. At first Baker observed the past of his parents with an historian point of view, seeking documented evidence to validate and make true his parentÃ¢â¬â¢s memory. However the experiences with the past of his mother, made Baker realise the importance of memory in the representation of history. This is shown in the juxtaposition of the line Ã¢â¬Å"His was a past written on a page of history shared by other survivors. My mother could not point to anyoneÃ¢â¬ with the line Ã¢â¬Å"What are these papers anyway except echoes of the past, dark shadows without screams, without smells, without fearÃ¢â¬ . The juxtaposition of the lines shows the change in attitude of Baker as he realises the importance of memory in the representation of history. The use of emotive language such as dark shadowsÃ¢â¬ creates a dark atmosphere to emphasise the anger and torment he feels because of his ignorance to listen to his MotherÃ¢â¬â¢s story of the holocaust. Baker has used a circular structure to convey the idea that the journey into history and memory is a circular one. This is demonstrated in Ã¢â¬Å"The fiftieth gateÃ¢â¬ through the repetition of the line Ã¢â¬Å"It always begins in blackness, until the first light illuminates the hidden fragment of memoryÃ¢â¬ at the beginning and end of the book. This conveys the idea that the journey will allow for greater insight and understanding of your past and yourself. This will further inspire a self-journey of change and understanding. This has been shown through the changing attitude of Baker himself in the novel. This is demonstrated through the juxtaposition of the lines Ã¢â¬Å"His was a past written on a page of history shared by other survivors. My mother could not point to anyoneÃ¢â¬ with the line Ã¢â¬Å"What are these papers anyway except echoes of the past, dark shadows without screams, without smells, without fearÃ¢â¬ . This conveys that at first observed the past of his parents with an historian point of view, seeking documented evidence to validate and make true his parentÃ¢â¬â¢s memory. However the experiences with the past of his mother, made Baker realise the importance of memory in the representation of history. The use of emotive language such as dark shadowsÃ¢â¬ creates a dark atmosphere to emphasise the anger and torment he feels because of his ignorance to listen to his MotherÃ¢â¬â¢s story of the holocaust.
Friday, January 3, 2020
My grandfather turned 100 years old in 1875. On the night of his birthday he pulled me aside and told me about his life; and significant moments in history which he found worth telling. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1775, Ã¢â¬Å"on the eve of the American RevolutionÃ¢â¬ . His father was from Britain and his mother was from Ireland. They both came to the colonies because they saw opportunities here. Their form of transportation was by boat. When they arrived they had no money and had to become indentured slaves. They ended up working together, his mother said it was love at first sight, and when his father had the chance to pick who his woman would be, when he finished his contract with the owner, he chose her. They moved to a cottage and had aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He also believed that the reason Britain wanted the colonies to be under their power was so that Britain could make money off of the colonies by taxing them. Not too long before my grandfather was born, patriots Ã¢â¬Å"force[d] merchants to sign agreements prohibiting the importation of British goodsÃ¢â¬ , if they refused they were probably tarred and feathered as punishment, (Hollitz 72). (This helped explain why he saw buckets of tar and bags of feathers here and there.) They did this because of the Townshend Act, which were taxes put on a few British goods that were imported. The colonies now had almost all the goods they needed and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to rely on the British anymore, further proving their independence. A few months before he was born, people from the colonies saw their independence approaching and thought it was time to start Ã¢â¬Å"drafting a new framework for a national governmentÃ¢â¬ (Hollitz 79). John Adams was a Ã¢â¬Å"member of the Second Continental CongressÃ¢â¬ , which meant that he participated in drafting the Articles of Confederation (Hollitz 79). So Abigail Adams (his wife) wrote to him about including women rights in the Confederation. Even though she took this seriously, he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t and saw it as a good sense of humor. This was important to my grandfather, because it was important to his mother. He believed that even though women arenÃ¢â¬â¢t capable of doing of the same duties as men (such as hard labor), they do have other things they could
Wednesday, December 25, 2019
1. BSB should have been able to identify potential competitors, particularly News Corporation. News Corporation was successful in US (in the US TV satellite industry), had experience transmitting television programs to Western Europe with a low-powered satellite and they already had presence in the UK with newspapers, which could allowed Sky to realize economies of scope. These economies of scope are even more significant if we take into account that News Corporation owns 20th Century Fox Studios. After purchasing 69% interests in SATV and renaming it to Sky Channel, this was a clear signal of a potential competitor to BSB. Adding to this, other signal was MurdochÃ¢â¬â¢s personality, characterized by being aggressive and used to risk and makeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A company that would act fast and decisively would be a serious threat for BSB. 2. Before SkyÃ¢â¬â¢s announcement BSB should have followed a strategy to increase the cost of entry for any potential entrant. In practice, BSB could have bought exclusivity rights over Astra satellite as a new entrant could provide the same service with a medium-powered satellite. Actually, by signing this exclusivity they would have launched their services immediately (with PAL existing technology), guaranteeing a first move advantage and restricting the room for entrants. Afterwards, with the network established BSB perhaps could upgrade its technology to D-Mac (high-powered) but this time with control over market. Speed in getting to the market was crucial in this case, but BSB missed it, having technology concerns prioritized over marketing concerns. Besides, if they insisted in this technology (D-MAC) they should have lobbied to put legal restrictions in medium-powered satellites transmitting for UK, consistent with the Government objective to promote investment in MAC standa rd. Moreover, they should have pursued exclusive agreement with movie studios, as soon as possible, to limit entrantsÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to have superior programming. On the other hand, exclusivity or partnerships in distribution, were recommended, by tying retailers to sell the dishes, benefiting with the costumersÃ¢â¬â¢ higher switching costs and, consequently, higher future market share. Ex-post SkyÃ¢â¬â¢s entry announcement, itShow MoreRelatedReport: Bsb vs Sky Television1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1. BSB should have been able to identify potential competitors, particularly News Corporation. News Corporation was successful in US (in the US TV satellite industry), had experience transmitting television programs to Western Europe with a low-powered satellite and they already had presence in the UK with newspapers, which could allowed Sky to realize economies of scope. These economies of scope are even more significant if we take into account that News Corporation owns 20th Century Fox StudiosRead MoreMonsanto: Better Living Through Genetic Engineering96204 Words Ã |Ã 385 Pagesindie music industry C A S E F I V E Nucor in 2005 C A S E S I X News Corp in 2005: Consolidating the DirecTV acquisition C A S E S E V E N Shanghai Volkswagen: Implementing project management in the electrical engineering division C A S E E I G H T Television New Zealand: Balancing between commercial and social objectives C A S E N I N E From greenÃ¯ ¬ eld to graduates: University of the Sunshine Coast C A S E T E N Whole Foods Market, 2005: Will there be enough organic food to satisfy the C A S E E L ERead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pagesthat do not reach fruition are considered, Exhibit 1 Creating new pharmaceuticals. It takes 10Ã¢â¬â15 years on average for an experimental drug to travel from the lab to patients Source: PhRMA, Medicines in Development Ã¢â¬â Biotechnology Ã¢â¬â 2006 Report, p. 51. ECS8C_C02.qxd 22/10/2007 11:53 Page 610 610 THE GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY Exhibit 2 Methods used to control pharmaceutical spending Mixed effect Partial reimbursement at price negotiated with manufacturer Generic
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
Ã¢â¬ËLouis XIVÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy was entirely driven by his personal quest for gloireÃ¢â¬â¢. To what extent do you consider this statement to be true? Upon the coronation of Louis XIV on the 7th of June 1654, Mazarin informed Louis in fatherly tones that Ã¢â¬Å"It is up to you to become the most glorious king that has ever beenÃ¢â¬ . Although LouisÃ¢â¬â¢ personal reign did not truly begin until 1661, he took this advice to heart and for the early part of his reign his foreign policy was almost entirely based upon his desire to become a renowned warrior king and win honour for himself and his kingdom. After 1674 and the withdrawal of French troops from Dutch soil, however, Louis seemed to mellow and become less hot-blooded, with security being the dominant factorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Having said all this, neither the religious nor the economic motives can be completely disregarded as they did occasionally influence LouisÃ¢â¬â¢ foreign policy. More than anything, certainly for the first part of LouisÃ¢â¬â¢ reign at least, it was the pursuit of Ã¢â¬ËgloireÃ¢â¬â¢ that drove Louis in his foreign policy. When Louis was asked to justify his attack on the Dutch in 1672 Louis replied, Ã¢â¬Å"I shall not attempt to justify myself. Ambition and glory are always pardonable in a Prince.Ã¢â¬ Historian Joel Cornette argues convincingly that it was more than just a factor in his foreign policy; it was a fundamental attribute of LouisÃ¢â¬â¢ sovereignty. War justified his regal authority and defined the relationship between the King and the nobility, so in his view unless he portrayed himself as a warrior King, he was not King at all. Both the war of Devolution and the Dutch war were wars of gloire and little else; John Lynn argues that this view is supported by the fact that Louis was the instigator of both wars as he made the first aggressive moves. On both occasions, he led the army personally, in order to maximize the glory potential of each war, as if harking back to an Alexandrian time when rulers charged into the fray, leading from the front. Moreover, Louis brought members of the court, his wife and his children along on numerous campaigns, perhaps in an attempt to appear all the moreShow MoreRelatedPolitical, Economic, and Religious Developments in France925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDiscuss the political, economic, and religious developments in France during the reign of King Louis XIV, and how the other states of Europe reacted to create a balance of power designed to check Frances rise in power and influence both in Europe and overseas. Louis XIV created a highly centralized monarchy, the most centralized that had ever existed in Europe up to this point. He eradicated the remnants of feudalism in France and created a court that revolved around his personality. He wasRead MoreSpanish and French Monarchial Beliefs - the Escorial and Versailles1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe palace of Versailles was built by Louis XIV of France (1643-1715), and the Escorial was built by Philip II of Spain (1556-1598). By examining the aerial and frontal facades of these two palaces, it may be seen that there were many similarities and differences between the two kings perception and practice of monarchy. Each king set his own goals for his life, and concluded as to how a monarch ought to behave. Both Louis XIV and Philip II had religious duties to pay attention to, organized theRead MoreLouis Xiv: a Machiavellian Ruler? Essays966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLouis XIV: A Machiavellian Ruler? Louis XIV followed many Machiavellian teachings but conspicuously disregarded others, due to some of his fiscal policies (or lack of them) and personal tendencies. Louis XIV is the longest reigning monarch in European history, and during his impressive reign, France enjoyed a Golden Age of arts and commerce. He expanded its territories and shifted the balance of power to France becoming one of the most powerful European countries in the 17th century. MachiavelliRead More Louis XIV, FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s Sun King Essay1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLouis XIV, FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s Sun King Louis XIV, FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s Sun King, had the longest reign in European history (1643-1715). During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars. Although his reign had some negative aspects; on balance, LouisÃ¢â¬â¢ reign was primarily a benefit to France. In 1643 Louis XIII died. Louis XIIIÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and Louis XIVÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Anne of Austria, aided by her ministerRead MoreComparison Of King Louis XIV And Moctezuma II1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKing Louis XIV (The Fourteenth) and Moctezuma II (The Second) were similar in a large variety of ways. The two rulers may have been separated by a large body of water and their livesÃ¢â¬â¢ many years apart, but they shared characteristics in the way that they showed their power, what type of Absolute Monarch they were. Moctezuma II was placed in power as the ruler of the Aztecs when his uncle, Ahuitzotl, died in early 1502. While he had taken over the empire at its highest point, it had extended all theRead MoreThe Palace Of Versailles As A Symbol Of Wealth, Glory, Importance, And Power925 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfor absolute monarchs was a symbol of wealth, glory, importance, and power. Louis XIV of France spent an enormous amount of money to construct the Palace of Versailles. Constru ction began in 1660, and it was not until almost 30 years later that the palace was complete. The Palace of Versailles served as many different functions, ranging from the residence of the king to the reception hall for official affairs. Louis XIV, who called himself the Sun King, believed in the divine right of kings, whichRead MoreEssay about Absolutism and Louis Xiv857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfamous absolute monarch, Louis XIV, had the longest reign of any of the French kings. Louis achieved this as a result of his reformed laws, foreign policy, a smart economic advisor, and his decision to deny power to the nobility. Although some of these ideas could be viewed as having a negative impacting on France, overall Louis XIVs absolute government was beneficial to the development of his country. By restructuring Frances laws into one standard legal code Louis gained public support, byRead MoreA Comparison of the Characteristics of the Absolutist Rule of Charles I of England and Louis XIV of France1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Comparison of the Characteristics of the Absolutist Rule of Charles I of England and Louis XIV of France While both the French and English empires were growing overseas, the modern system of great powers was evolving in Europe itself. France became Europes superpower in the 1600s. Louis XIV, the Sun King, served as a model of absolute royal power. England in the 1600s, by contrast, provided an early example of more democratic rule as Parliament limited the power ofRead MoreLouis XIV: Absolute Monarchist Essay860 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesabsolute monarch, Louis XIV, had the longest reign of any of the French kings. Louis achieved this as a result of his reformed laws, foreign policy, a smart economic advisor, and his decision to deny power to the nobility. Although some of these ideas could be viewed as having a negative impacting on France, overall Louis XIVÃ¢â¬â¢s absolute government was beneficial to the development of his country. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;By restructuring FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s laws into one standard legal code Louis gained publicRead MoreThe End of Absolutism in Europe Essay examples814 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswas abused, and by the end of the 18th century, absolutism was gone. Absolutism failed because the monarchs mistreatment of the population caused the people to revolt against their rule and policies. There are many factors which caused this discontent. For one, there was a great loss of human lives. Louis XIV of France participated in four wars, while Peter of Russia ruthlessly executed anyone who stood against his will. Secondly, monarchs attempted to change religious beliefs. This was notable in
Monday, December 9, 2019
Self Reflection Essay Self Reflection Essay 1 Self-Assessment and Reflection Paper Managerial Communication (COM 515) February 6, 2001 Self Reflection 2 Self-Assessment and Reflection Paper In the last seven weeks, I had an opportunity to look back and analyze the events that has shaped my life. This was a unique experience where I was emotionally comfortable enough to look back at life. I was able to objectively revisit many events that were often buried and too painful to face. I was free from the turmoil of emotional fears of failure, anger, regret and loneliness, which often clouded my perception. . I was able to dwell on many pleasant and unpleasant events with more comfort and confidence. I accepted each event as part of life, regardless of whether it was a good or bad experience. I understand that life transpires even when we are not prepared for it, but more importantly, it is how we deal with circumstances that keep us going forward. For the first time, there was clarity and I became aware of two main points one was my life changing/challenging experience and the second was my financial growth. My life has been a journey filled with challenging experience, which consist of some unfixable actions, like leaving home. I grew up in an authoritarian, religious environment where personal expression and freedom did not exist. Since I could remember, there was a constant pressure for me to conform into Indian Christian society. Over the years the burden of not being able to convey my feelings and endless demands grew to hatred and retaliation toward my parents. The day after my high school graduation, without letting anybody know I disappeared. I packed all my belongings and moved to Houston, where my friend had moved a year before. My moving was one of the greatest decisions I ever made, helping me to mature as an individual and to understand and experience a life that I never thought possible. Self Reflection 3 One major guilty element that has plagued me is how I had deceived my parents and left them with a bag of fears and uncertainty. Without even letting them know if I was safe or without even trying to discuss my unhappiness, I vanished for three days. Those three days must have been the worst days of their lives. I was not man enough to stand up to my parents and express my discontent. Rather than to disentangle the issue by talking thing out with my parents, I became a coward and ran away. Upon manifestation, I have learned a lot during that challenging experience, especially how to be an independent individual. I got my own place, bought a new car, and went to school full time while working full time. I supported myself financially, emotionally and mentally. Even though my move to Houston was the right one, I executed the move without thinking things through. I should have stopped being self-centered and thought of the pain and anguish that it would cause my parents. This life learning experience has been a double-edged sword, because it has taught me to stand up for what I want, yet on the other hand, sometimes running away is probably the best thing to do, which will help to clear clouded thoughts and refocus on my destination. Play to Win by Larry Wilson introduces a simplistic, yet optimistic, method of viewing life. It embraces two fundamental views emotional and spiritual maturity that allows us to evaluate who we are. Life is an adventure to be experienced, lived, experimented with and committed to. (Wilson,1998, p.89) This statement alone tells us that we are in control of our lives. We all can choose dissimilar and painful paths to get to the safe place and that is okay. When looking back, my second life-learning lesson came through financial growth. This growth was to some extent expected, since I was so lavish with cash. The Tragedy of Macbeth Persuasive Essay My Self Reflection 4 financial motto was that money comes and money goes. I knew eventually, I needed to get a grasp on my foolish spending habit, but it spun out of control with each purchase. There were days where I would squander money like there was no tomorrow. I never planned for the future let alone on .